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COMMON HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS IN CLEANING PRODUCTS

The information contained herein is based on data considered to be accurate. However, no warranty is expressed regarding the accuracy of these data or the results to be obtained from the use thereof. It is the user’s obligation to determine the conditions of safe use of the product.

WARNING: These pages are for general reference and educational purposes only and MUST NOT be relied upon as a sole source to determine regulatory compliance or where matters of life and health are concerned. This site and the author do not warrant or guarantee the accuracy or the sufficiency of the information provided and do not assume any responsibility for its use.

Product Hazardous Ingredients Possible effects
All-Purpose Cleaners Ammonia Fumes can irritate eyes and lungs; can cause burns or rashes on skin; can produce deadly chloramine gas if mixed with chlorine containing products.
  Ethylene glycol monobutyl acetate Eyes: Liquid will cause severe conjunctival irritation, corneal damage, and may result in loss of vision. Vapor or mist will cause severe conjunctival irritation and corneal damage.

Skin: Material will cause severe irritation and may cause chemical burns. Repeated and/or prolonged contact may lead to: - drowsiness - kidney damage - allergic sensitization - hemolysis - central nervous system depression - reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.
Material is toxic by skin absorption.

Ingestion: Swallowing may have the following effects: - corrosion of mouth, throat and digestive tract A large dose may have the following effects: - liver damage - kidney damage - central nervous system depression - reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.

Inhalation: Exposure to vapor or mist may have the following effects: - severe irritation of nose, throat and respiratory tract Exposure to mist at high concentrations may have the following effects: - severe irritation to nose, throat and respiratory tract and possibly lung damage - liver damage - kidney damage - central nervous system depression - reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
  Sodium Hypochlorite
Sodium Hydroxide
(BLEACH)
Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, . Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive), of eye contact (corrosive). Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Non-corrosive for lungs. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Prolonged exposure may result in skin burns and ulcerations. Over-exposure by inhalation may cause respiratory irritation. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to lungs, mucous membranes, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection.
  2-butoxyethanol Hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). Severe over-exposure can result in death.

The substance may be toxic to blood, kidneys, liver, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
Bleach Sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Corrosive to lining of nose, mouth and throat; fumes irritating to eyes and respiratory tract.
  • Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer).
  • The substance may be toxic to lungs, mucous membranes, skin, eyes.
  • Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  • Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation.
  • Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection.
    NEVER mix bleach with ammonia, toilet bowl cleaners, drain cleaners or other cleaners!  A hazardous gas can be produced that can cause serious breathing problems and even death!
Oven Cleaners Sodium Hydroxide Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, . Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance is toxic to lungs. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Potassium Hydroxide Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant), of eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, of inhalation. The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.
  Monoethanolamine Very hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, . Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of inhalation (lung irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive), of eye contact (corrosive). Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, lungs, liver, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection.
  Diethylene Glycol n-Butyl Ether DGBE has low acute oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity, and is not a skin sensitizer. When used improperly, DGBE can cause severe eye irritation and slight corneal injury. Prolonged contact may cause slight skin irritation with local redness, but is unlikely to result in absorption of harmful amounts.
    Non-toxic oven cleaners without lye are available. Look at the label and select a product that does not contain lye.
Antibacterial Cleaners Ammonia Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, . Non-corrosive to the eyes. Non-corrosive for lungs. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance is toxic to upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes.Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Cresol Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant), of ingestion. Hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of inhalation. The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death.

Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage. Repeated exposure to an highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Lye - also known as potassium hydroxide Causes severe burns to skin, eyes, respritory tract and gastrointestinal tract. Material is extremely destructive to all body tissues. May be fatal if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.
  Phenol Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer, permeator). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Pine oil Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator).

Repeated or prolonged exposure is not known to aggravate medical condition.
Window and glass cleaner Ammonia
  • The substance is toxic to upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes.
  • Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  • Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation.
  • Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection.
  • Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  • Can produce deadly chloramine gas if mixed with chlorine containing products.
  Isopropanol Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer, permeator).

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, skin, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
Toilet Bowl Cleaners Sodium Bisulfate Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.

The substance may be toxic to lungs, skin. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  Oxalic Acid Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator), of eye contact (corrosive). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, the nervous system, mucous membranes, heart, brain, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.
  5-Dimethyldantoin Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Severe irritant. High concentrations are very destructive of mucous membranes.

Primary Routes of Exposure-Skin and eye contact and inhalation. Based upon information available for this material, and closely related materials, it is anticipated that direct contact will produce mild eye and skin irritation and moderate eye irritation, and inhalation may produce mild, reversible irritation to the mucous membranes. Components of this material have been shown to exhibit weak sensitization potential in both animal and human overexposure.
  Hydrochloric Acid Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, . Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Non-corrosive for lungs. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes, Circulatory System, teeth. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  1,3-Dichloro-5,5- dimethylhydantoin Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Severe irritant. High concentrations are very destructive of mucous membranes.
  C12-15 Alcohols Ethoxylate (1)  
  Sodium hypochlorite
Sodium hydroxide
 
  Boric Acid Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator).

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, cardiovascular system, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  Phenol Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer, permeator). Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death.
  Ethanol

Gluoxal
Benzalkonium Chloride (1)
Dicapryl/Dicaprylyl Dimonium Chloride
C12-15 Alcohols Ethoxylate (1)
Myristamine oxide
 
Disinfecting Wipes Sodium hypochlorite  
  Isopropano  
Mold and mildew removers Alkyl Ammonium Chlorides Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive), of eye contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, heart, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.
Bathroom Cleaners Ammonium Hydroxide
Ethanol
Sodium Lauryl Sarcosinate
Dicapryl/Dicaprylyl Dimonium Chloride
Sodium Molybdate
Undeceth-5 Benzenesulfonic acid, oxybis(decyl)-, disodium salt
C6-10 Alcohols Ethoxylated Propoxylated
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (Dodecyl)
Benzenesulfonic acid, decyl(sulfophenoxy)-, disodium salt
Glycolic Acid
Dipropylene Glycol n-butylether
 
Rug, carpet, upholstery cleaners Perchloroethylene Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, peripheral nervous system, respiratory tract, skin, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  Naphthalene Very hazardous in case of ingestion. Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator). Severe over-exposure can result in death.

The substance is toxic to blood, kidneys, the nervous system, the reproductive system, liver, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal tract, upper respiratory tract, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
Furniture polish Ammonia (anhydrous ammonia) May cause cancer; it is considered a Possible Carcinogen by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, or another agency. Eye contact may cause severe eye burns, blindness, cataracts and glaucoma.

The substance is toxic to upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Naphtha May be carcinogenic; other products that use Naphtha include lighter fluid and fuel for camp stoves.

Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator). Severe over-exposure can result in death.

The substance is toxic to skin, eyes, central nervous system (CNS). The substance may be toxic to blood, kidneys, lungs, the nervous system, mucous membranes, peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, upper respiratory tract, ears.
  Petroleum Distillates The toxicity of petroleum distillates and other hydrocarbons affects the respiratory system. Aspiration of small amounts of these chemicals directly into the lung, or into the lung during vomiting of an ingested chemical, can cause chemical pneumonia, pulmonary damage and death.
This substance is toxic and may be an irritant to skin, stomach & intestines. Inhalation may cause headache, dizziness, nausea or unconsciousness.
Inhalation:
Effects are typically those of most hydrocarbons, dizziness and euphoria leading to unconsciousness in severe cases. Vapors also irritate the respiratory tract. Symptoms may include coughing, difficult breathing and chest pain. A central nervous system depressant.
Ingestion:
Fatal dose for humans estimated at 3-4 oz, but ingestion of much smaller amounts may cause lung edema and possible death because of aspiration into lungs.
Skin Contact:
The defatting action of this solvent may lead to soreness, inflammation and, possibly, dermatitis.
Eye Contact:
Vapors may be irritating at concentrations of 450 ppm and above (15 minutes exposure) and contact with the liquid solvent can be painful and possibly damaging to eye tissues.
Chronic Exposure:
Chronic exposure may lead to central nervous system complications, blood changes (aplastic anemia, a rare occurrence that is potentially fatal), and dermatitis. Animal studies have indicated the potential for liver and kidney damage.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions:
Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or eye problems or impaired kidney function may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance.
  Phenol  
Air fresheners -
Air fresheners may cause acute effects such as respiratory irritation, headache, sneezing, and watery eyes in sensitive individuals or allergy and asthma sufferers.
The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health has found that one-third of the substances used in the fragrance industry are toxic.
Formaldehyde A strong irritant to the eyes, throat, skin and lungs; thought to cause cancer. An EPA study found it to be a cause of cancer.
Very hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, . Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive). Severe over-exposure can result in death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching.
The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, skin, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
  Petroleum distillates Can irritate skin, eyes, respiratory tract; may cause fatal pulmonary edema; flammable.
  C13-14 Isoparaffin  
  Triethylene glycol  
  P-Dichlorobenzene Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

The substance is toxic to kidneys, lungs, liver, mucous membranes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged inhalation of dust may lead to chronic respiratory irritation.
  Methoxychlor Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Skin and eye irritant. May cause systemic effects. May cause reproductive damage.

Very few reports exist on the health effects of methoxychlor in humans. In animals, exposure to high levels of methoxychlor caused effects on the nervous system. These effects included tremors, convulsions, and seizures. These effects are probably caused by methoxychlor itself and not by its metabolites. Because methoxychlor is quickly transformed into metabolites by the liver, you are not likely to experience nervous system effects unless you are exposed to very high levels.

Some of the breakdown products of methoxychlor cause effects similar to those produced by estrogen. Estrogens are naturally occurring hormones that are important in women for the development and maintenance of their ovaries, uterus, and breasts, and also play a role in the development of the reproductive system in men. Studies in animals show that exposure to methoxychlor adversely affects the ovaries, uterus, and mating cycle in females, and the testes and prostate in males. Fertility is decreased in both female and male animals. These effects can occur both in adult animals and in developing animals exposed prenatally or shortly after birth.
what is this stuff used in Paradichchlorobenzene Inhalation of dust or vapors can irritate the nose and throat. May affect the respiratory system, liver, kidneys, eyes, skin and blood.May also cause headache, swelling around the eyes and runny nose. Can cause loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, central nervous system effects, weight loss and liver and kidney damage.

Chronic exposure may damage blood, lungs, central nervous system, liver and kidneys. This substance is a possible carcinogen and may cause cancer based on animal data.
Surface Disinfectants, Sanitizers Sprays

EPA’s definition of Disinfectant >>>

n-Alkyl (C14, 60%; C16, 30% C12, 5%; C18, 5%) dimethyl- benzyl ammonium chloride

n-Alkyl(C12, 68%, C14, 32%) Dimethyl Ethylbenzyl ammonium chloride
Ethanol Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause central nervous system depression. Causes severe eye irritation. This substance has caused adverse reproductive and fetal effects in humans. Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause liver, kidney and heart damage.

Target Organs:
Kidneys, heart, central nervous system, liver. Potential Health Effects

Eye Contact: Causes severe eye irritation. May cause painful sensitization to light. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

Skin Contact: Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.

Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.

Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconscious- ness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.

Chronic Exposure: May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors. Prolonged exposure may cause liver, kidney, and heart damage.
  Propellant Blend 152A Inhalation of HFC-152a may cause nonspecific discomfort such as nausea, headache or weakness, or temporary nervous system depression with dizziness, confusion, incoordination, drowsiness or unconsciousness.

Higher exposures may lead to irritation of nose, throat, and lungs with cough, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, temporary alteration of the heart’s electrical activity with irregular pulse, palpitations, or inadequate circulation, or abnormal kidney function as detected by laboratory tests. Gross overexposure may be fatal.

Individuals with preexisting diseases of the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, lungs or kidney may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures.
  Petroleum Distillates  
  Ethanol SDA 200 Proof Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator), of ingestion.

The substance is toxic to blood, the reproductive system, liver, upper respiratory tract, skin, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  Ethanol SDA 95 Causes severe eye irritation. May cause blindness if swallowed. May be fatal if swallowed. May cause skin irritation. May cause central nervous system depression. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause reproductive and fetal effects. May be absorbed through intact skin. May form explosive peroxides.

Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system, liver.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. May cause painful sensitization to light. Vapors may cause eye irritation.
Skin: May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May be absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion: May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed. May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. May cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and central nervous system depression.
Chronic: Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause adverse reproductive effects. May cause fetal effects.
  Triethylene Glycol Very hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion. Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching.

The substance is toxic to kidneys, the nervous system. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
  Dipropylene Glycol n-butylether
Lauramine Oxide
Benzalkonium Chloride (1)
Decyl Alcohol
C12-16 Alkyldimethyl amines
 
   

Many of the commercial disinfectant sprays and room fresheners contain propellants which are easily inhaled into the lungs then circulate throughout the body. Propellants also irritate the lungs and may cause an irregular heart rhythm when inhaled at high concentrations.

Some disinfectant sprays contain o-phenylphenol (a.k.a. 2-Phenylphenol) a derivative of benzene. Benzene is recognized as a known human carcinogen associated with leukemia. O-phenylphenol is a recognized carcinogen and a suspected:

  • Cardiovascular or blood toxicant
  • Developmental toxicant
  • Neurotoxicant
  • Reproductive toxicant
  • Respiratory toxicant
  • Skin or sense organ toxicant
  MIPA-Borate  
  MEA-Borate  
  Ammonium Hydroxide  
Disinfecting Wipes O-Benzyl-P-Chlorophenol EYE: Irritating to the eyes causing redness, pain, and tearing. Local tissue destruction could occur due to the corrosive nature of the chemical. SKIN: May cause irritation with redness and pain.
  O-Phenylphenol (a.k.a. 2-Phenylphenol) Harmful if swallowed. Possible human carcinogen. Skin and eye irritant. In large doses this compound gives rise to symptoms similar to those due to Phenol. Chronic and excessive exposure can give rise to liver or kidney damage. May cause serious eye damage.
  Isopropanol  
  Ethanol  
  Benzalkonium Chloride (1)  
  C12-16 Alkyldimethyl amines  

SOURCES:

MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheet - ScienceLab.com
MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheet - JTBaker.com
Christopher Gavigan - Author and CEO - Healthy Child Healthy World
ClevelandClinic.org The Safe Shoppers Bible, David Steinman & Samuel Epstein Cleaners and Toxins, Labour Environmental Alliance Society, Vancouver BC Home Safe Home, Debra Lynn Dadd, Tarcher Inc, 1997 includes hundreds of "make your own" recipes. Non-toxic, Natural and Earth Wise, Debra Lynn Dadd, Tarcher Inc, 1990, includes many "make your own" recipes. Less Toxic Alternatives, Carolyn Gorman with Marie Hyde, Optimum Publishing, 2002, emphasis on the needs of the chemically sensitive http://www.lesstoxicguide.ca/index.asp?
DOW.com
Shipley - http://www.ncf.uic.edu
VeriChem - http://www.verichem.com
The Encyclopedia of Earth - http://www.eoearth.org/article/Public_Health_Statement_for_Methoxychlor
Veegee.com
Dupont.com
Avogadro.chem.iastate.edu
TheHealthReporter.tv
Safetyofficer.com

For more information on hazardous chemicals found in your cleaning products, please visit these four non-profit sites:
http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/
http://householdproducts.nlm.nih.gov/
http://www.rense.com/general19/chemical.htm
http://www.scorecard.org/health-effects/chemicals.tcl?short_hazard_name=cancer&all_p=t